मित्रों!

आप सबके लिए “आपका ब्लॉग” तैयार है। यहाँ आप अपनी किसी भी विधा की कृति (जैसे- अकविता, संस्मरण, मुक्तक, छन्दबद्धरचना, गीत, ग़ज़ल, शालीनचित्र, यात्रासंस्मरण आदि प्रकाशित कर सकते हैं।

बस आपको मुझे मेरे ई-मेल roopchandrashastri@gmail.com पर एक मेल करना होगा। मैं आपको “आपका ब्लॉग” पर लेखक के रूप में आमन्त्रित कर दूँगा। आप मेल स्वीकार कीजिए और अपनी अकविता, संस्मरण, मुक्तक, छन्दबद्धरचना, गीत, ग़ज़ल, शालीनचित्र, यात्रासंस्मरण आदि प्रकाशित कीजिए।


समर्थक

शुक्रवार, 31 जनवरी 2014

मंदमति मैमना और मेधावती बकरी

मंदमति मैमना और मेधावती बकरी

आज मैमना फिर गलती करके लौटा था। पहले तो इसने एक गढ़ा हुआ मुर्दा खोदा और फिर मुर्दे के हत्यारों के

बारे में कहा -हो सकता है इस हत्याकांड में कुछ लम्बे "हाथ "वाले भी शामिल रहे हों। लेकिन बाकी तमाम हाथ

दंगा रोकने में मशगूल थे। इसलिए मुर्दे  के रिश्ते नातों से मेरे मुआफी मांगने का सवाल ही कहाँ पैदा होता है।

मेधावती ने  समझाया बेटा मुआफी मांगने से कोई छोटा नहीं हो जाता है। आदमी का खुद का बोझ उतर जाता

है। एक मरतबा यही मैमना एक संविधानिक कागज़ फाड़के प्रेस क्लब में वाह -वाही लूट आया था। मेधा के

समझाने पर मैमना सबके बीच में जाके बोला  -माँ कह रही थी बेटा ऐसे नहीं बोलते हैं। मैमने ने   तब अपनी

गलती मान  ली थी। देखें इस मरतबा क्या होता है ?

इधर मैमना कोई चुनाव भी लड़ रहा है मुर्दे के रिश्ते नाते मैमने को चुनाव में धूल चटाने की बात कर रहें हैं।

देखें ऊँट किस करवट बैठता है ?

मूंगफली में ही छिपा है इससे पैदा होने वाली एलर्जी (मूंगफली के प्रति असाधारण संवेदनशीलता )का इलाज़

मूंगफली में ही छिपा है इससे पैदा होने वाली एलर्जी (मूंगफली के प्रति असाधारण संवेदनशीलता )का इलाज़।

एलर्जी कभी भी किसी को भी किसी भी चीज़ से हो सकती है भले फिर वह चीज़ खाद्य सामग्री के तहत हो या

इत्र फुलेल किसी तेल का वाष्प  हो ,पोलन ग्रेन्स हों या एनीमल डेंडर ,एनीमल -फर हो ,कार्पेट की धूल हो या

कुछ और जैसे अंडा ।यहाँ तक की तापमान (टेम्परेचर )भी एक असरकारी एलर -जन (एलर्जी पैदा करने वाली

भौतिक राशि है  )

चटनी

(सॉस )में गुप्त रूप से शामिल मूंगफली से पैदा एलर्जिक रिएक्शन से कई मरतबा अनजाने में ही लेने के देने

पड़ जाते हैं। अक्सर उन चीज़ों से बचा जाता है जिनसे एलर्जी हो। लेकिन यहाँ चिकित्सकों ने कुछ ख़ास लोगों

के लिए एलर्जीकारक पदार्थ सिद्ध होने वाली मूंगफली से ही इसका इलाज़ भी ढूंढ लिया लगता है।

वो कहते हैं न कई रोग कारकों में ही छिपा रहता है रोग का समाधान। होम्योपैथी चिकित्सा का तो यह

मूलाधार है। वही  चीज़ अल्पपांश की भी अल्पतर राशि में ओर्गेनिज़म ,आपके तंत्र में प्रवेशित की जाती है जो

रोग का कारण बनी है।   यहाँ भी यही नुस्खा आज़माया गया है। चिकित्सकों का कहना है जिन नौनिहालों को

मूंगफली किसी भी रूप में खाने से एलर्जी होती है उन्हें  हमने  अपने शोध अध्ययन में  मूंगफली पाउडर

अल्पांश में ही धीरे धीरे रोज़ ब रोज़ खिलाकर ठीक किया है। ताकि रफ्ता रफ्ता इस एलर्जीकारक के प्रति

टोलरेंस पनपे। शरीर तंत्र इसे स्वीकृति देना सीख जाए। कई महीनों तक ऐसी ही आज़माइश करते रहने के

बाद बच्चों में इसके प्रति एलर्जी प्रति -रक्षण देखा गया है। रिसर्चरों ने अपना यह अध्ययन साप्ताहिक

विज्ञान

पत्रिका

लांसेट मेडिकल जर्नल में प्रकाशित किया है। चिकित्सा की इस प्रणाली को नाम दिया गया है -ओरल -इम्यूनो

-थिरेपी (OIT).नौनिहालों पे संपन्न इस ट्रायल में शामिल कुल बच्चों में से ८४-९१%बच्चे आराम से ८००

मिलीग्राम मूंगफली पाउडर का बिना एलर्जिक रिएक्शन दर्शाये सेवन करते रहे हैं। ज़ाहिर है उनके प्रति -रक्षा

तंत्र से मूंगफली को कमोबेश स्वीकृति मिलने लगी है।

  1. News for doctors use peanuts to cure children allegic to it


    1. Bangkok Post ‎- 1 day ago
      Doctors said Thursday they could treat peanut allergy by feedingchildren the very thing their bodies reject, so building tolerance that could ...

  2. Doctors use peanuts to cure children of potentially fatal allergy
Paris — Doctors said Thursday they could treat peanut allergy by feeding children the very thing their bodies reject, so building tolerance that could save a life in case of accidential ingestion.
Small doses of peanut powder taken over several months seemed to induce tolerance in children with the potentially deadly allergy, a research team wrote Wednesday in The Lancet medical journal.

After six months of treatment, dubbed oral immunotherapy or OIT, 84-91 percent of the children in a trial could safely tolerate daily doses of 800 mg (0.03 ounces) of peanut powder -- the equivalent of about five peanuts, wrote the team.
This was 25 times the amount they could tolerate before the therapy, and much larger than any accidental dose is likely to ever be.
"The treatment allowed children with all severities of peanut allergy to eat large quantities of peanuts, well above the levels found in contaminated snacks and meals, freeing them and their parents from the fear of a potentially life threatening allergic reaction," said study leader Andrew Clark from Cambridge University Hospitals.
"The families involved in this study say that it has changed their lives dramatically."
The trial involved 99 allergic children aged seven to sixteen.
One in five of the kids receiving OIT reported "adverse events" -- mostly mild itching of the mouth, the authors said.
They stressed that people should not try the treatment at home as more research was needed.
Peanut allergy affects about one in fifty children and is the most common cause of fatal food allergy reactions, said a press statement. About 10 million people around the world are allergic to peanuts.

Symptoms vary from mild to severe, from swollen lips or shortness of breath to anaphylactic shock, which can be fatal.
While "exceptionally promising", the method remains experimental, Matthew Greenhawt from the University of Michigan Food Allergy Center wrote in a comment also carried by The Lancet.
"It is unknown if OIT can produce lasting tolerance," he wrote.

Doctors said Thursday they could treat peanut allergy by feeding children the very thing their bodies reject, so building tolerance that could save a life in case of accidential ingestion (AFP/File, Saul Loeb)

Have scientists found the conscience?

क्या साइंसदानों ने हमारे दिमाग के उस हिस्से का पता लगा लिया है जहां से हमारी अंतश्चेतना अपना काम करती है। बुरे फैसले ले लेने पर क्या यही हिस्सा हमें कचोटता  है हमें हमारे कर्मों के अच्छे या बुरे होने का ज्ञान कराता है। 

साइंसदानों ने हमारे साथ साथ मैकाक बंदरों के दिमाग के एमआरआई लेने के बाद ये निष्कर्ष निकाले हैं कि यही वह हिस्सा है जिसे लेटरल फ्रंटल पोल प्री -फ्रंटल -कॉर्टेक्स  कहा जा रहा है जो बंदरों में नदारद है। यहीं कहीं है हमारा अंत :करण जो हमने अन्य प्राणियों से अलग करता है ,एक विशेष दर्ज़ा दिलवाता है। अच्छे और बुरे के प्रति कर्म करने से पहले चेताता है। हमारे बलंडर करने पर मलाल करता करवाता है।हमें एक ही समय पर एक से ज्यादा काम करने की क्षमता प्रदान करता है बोले तो मल्टी -टास्किंग भी यही करवाता है।  

दिमाग के अग्र भाग में समायोजित है यह ख़ास अंतश्चेतना  केंद्र।   जीवन और जगत के बारे में यही हमसे चिंतन मनन करवाता है। 

हम जानते हैं हमारा दिमाग एक टेलीफोन एक्सचेंज की तरह काम करता है जिसमें न्यूरॉनों का संजाल काबिज़ है। दिमाग का यह ख़ास हिस्सा भी न्यूरल ऊतकों से निर्मित एक गेंद ही है। 

दिमाग के दूसरे हिस्से सिर्फ यह देखते हैं ,फैसलों पर अमल  कैसा और कितना हो रहा है जबकि यह हिस्सा सोचता है कि वैसा करता मैं तो कैसा होता  ?क्या लिया गया फैसला ठीक रहा ?

चुंबकीय अनुनाद चित्रण से यह भी पता चला कि दिमाग का यह हिस्सा एक दर्ज़न छोटे छोटे हिस्सों से बना है। 





Scientists appear to have located the conscience

The part of the brain that makeshumans superior to all known animals, and which also functions as the voice from within — popularly called conscience — has finally been found. 

Scientists from the Oxford University have for the first time identified an area of the human brain that appears unlike anything in the brains of other primates. It is part of the Ventrolateral Frontal Cortex, a region of the brain known for over 150 years for being involved in many of the highest aspects of cognition and language. 

To look into which part of this region actually controls our superior decision making , scientists carried out MRI scans in both humans and monkeys. They found one area of the cortex that had no equivalent in the macaque monkeys — an area called the lateral frontal pole prefrontal cortex. 

"We have established an area in human frontal cortex — the brain area known to be intimately involved in the most advanced planning and decision-making processes — that we think of as being especially human. It does not seem to have an equivalent in the monkey. This area has also been identified with multi-tasking ," says author Franz-Xaver Neubert of Oxford University. 

Scientists also believe that lateral frontal pole prefrontal cortex is the loud (inner ) voice that pricks whenever we are inclined towards evil or blunder in our lives. Oxford scientists say this is the region that tells us when we go wrong and whether we have been well advised to do something better. 

MRI imaging of 25 adult volunteers was used to identify key components in the cortex area of the human brain, and how these components were connected up with other brain areas. 

The results were then compared to equivalent MRI data from 25 macaque monkeys.

Have scientists found the conscience? Region of brain 

discovered that makes you feel bad about poor choices

  • Region is called the lateral frontal pole and located at the front of the brain

  • It is used to reflect on decisions, as well as ponder the meaning of life

  • The research could help scientists understand psychological conditions

  • A part of the brain that helps stop humans from making bad 

  • decisions and acts as our conscience has been discovered 

  • by scientists














  • The small ball of neural tissue, named the lateral frontal is vital for pondering the ‘what ifs’ of life, researchers said.  



  • Other parts of the brain keep tabs on how well decisions are working, but this new region thinks over what we might have done instead.

    Scientists at Oxford University made the discovery after scanning human brains in two different ways

    Scans from 25 men and women showed that this part of the brain is made up of a dozen smaller sections. The scans were then compared with monkey brains.

    The scans showed that there is nothing like it in the brain of the macaque monkey, despite it being one of our closest relatives.

    Eleven of the 12 sections in the network were similar – they they were found in both humans and monkeys and connected up to other, more distant, brain areas in similar ways.



    But one, the lateral frontal pole prefrontal cortex, was missing in the macaques, despite it being one of our closest relatives.
    Differences in the human and monkey brain have been found before, but this is special because it is the first time such a clear change has been spotted in the region behind flexible thought.


    Oxford University scientist Matthew Rushworth said: ‘We’ve identified an area of the brain that appears to be uniquely human.’
    The lateral frontal pole prefrontal cortex is found at the very front of the brain – with one just above each eyebrow.
    In some people, it is the size of a Brussels sprout; in others, it is as big as a tangerine.
    Previous research has shown it is particularly important in multi-tasking. For instance, if we decide to do one thing, it will continue to evaluate the other option – or think about what might have been.
    While this might seem odd, it is good preparation for a later change of mind.
    The tiny brain region helps us learn from watching others’ mistakes, speeding up the acquisition of new skills.
    The study, published in the journal Neuron also revealed the people to have stronger wiring to brain regions involved in hearing – perhaps helping explain our ability to speak.
    Such work could help shed light on psychiatric conditions including ADHD and obsessive compulsive disorder, as well as improve understanding of how speech is damaged by a stroke.




  • The frontal pole prefrontal cortex is involved in very human activities from multi-tasking (pictured) to pondering the 'what ifs' of life

    Scans show that there is nothing like it in the brain of the macaque monkey, despite it being one of our closest relatives

  • The frontal pole prefrontal cortex is involved in very human activities from multi-tasking (left) to pondering the 'what ifs' of life. Scans show that there is nothing like it in the brain of the macaque monkey (right), despite it being one of our closest relatives




  •  There is a section of the brain associated with the ability to spot bad decisions that is uniquely human, according to researchers
    +5
    There is a section of the brain associated with the ability to spot bad decisions that is uniquely human, according to researchers
  • What is caffeine use disorder ?

    दुनिया भर में सबसे ज्यादा तज़वीज़ की जाने वाली दवा का नाम कैफीन है सबसे ज्यादा नुस्खों में यह अपनी जगह बनाये रहती है दर्द -नाशी के रूप में ,छद्म रूप में अनेक पेयों में इसका डेरा है चाय,चॉकलेट  काफी से लेकर सोडा (Carbonated drinks ),एनर्जी ड्रिंक्स ,सभी में केफीन है।एल्कोहल के साथ भी इसकी दुरभिसंधि है। 

    क्योंकि केफीन को एक सामाजिक स्वीकृति प्राप्त है इसीलिए इसके सेहत पर पड़ने वाले नकारात्मक प्रभावों की तरफ समाज की तवज्जो नहीं मिली है। हमारी परम्परा और दैनिकी में यह चुपके से शामिल हो गई है। 

    बेशक कितने ही लोग इसके अवांछित प्रभावों से बे-असर बने रहते हैं लेकिन कई अन्यों को इसके दुष्परिणाम भुगतने पड़ते है। इसकी लत पड़ जाती है। बैसाखी बन जाती है कईओं की केफीन। इस पर भौतिक निर्भरता बे -हिसाब बढ़ जाती है। रोज़मर्रा के कामों पर भी इसका असर दिखने लगता है। 

    माहिरों के अनुसार सेहत मंद तंदरुस्त लोगों को एक दिन में ४०० मिलीग्राम से ज्यादा केफीन का किसी भी रूप में सेवन नहीं करना चाहिए इसका मतलब हुआ कॉफी के दिन भर में दो तीन प्याले। 

    गर्भवती महिलाओं के लिए यह सीमा २०० मिलीग्राम से कम बतलाई गई है। 

    बे -कली ,बे -चैनी (एंग्जायटी )या फिर अनिद्रा की गिरिफ्त में रहने वाले लोगों ,उच्च रक्त चाप ,दिल के रोगों से ग्रस्त  लोगों  ,मूत्र त्याग में संयम न रख पाने वाले लोगों के लिए भी इसका सेवन कमतर बतलाया गया है। 

    लत पड़ जाने पर  यह गर्भावस्था ,,दिल की समस्याओं से घिर जाने जैसी मेडिअकल कंडीशन में भी फिर पिंड नहीं छोड़ती है। ब्लीडिंग डिस-ऑर्डर में भी लती केफीन का सेवन नहीं छोड़ पाते हैं। 

    यह निष्कर्ष अमरीकी यूनिवर्सिटी में मनो विज्ञान के प्रोफ़ेसर लौरा जुलियानों एवं उनके साथियों ने निकाले हैं। उन्हीं के शब्दों में :

    "CUP OF WOES :Some people are unable to reduce caffeine consumption even if they have another condition that may be impacted by it .These symptoms combined are a condition called 'Caffeine Use Disorder' 

    The Caffeine Crutch 

    Overworked and sleep-deprived, more people are using caffeine as an energy crutch than ever before, experts say. That’s not all bad: In fact, 250 milligrams of caffeine per day—that’s two to three cups of joe—wakes up the brain, improves concentration, relieves stress, and may also help you live longer. But if intake is turning into addiction, you may notice side effects , including dehydration, trouble sleeping, anxiety, an upset stomach, and even problems during prenancy.

    Caffeine Can Be Hidden 

    If you’re trying to cut back, you’ve probably already reduced the amount of coffee, tea, and sodas that you consume. But the sneaky stimulant can pop up in unexpected places. Since the U.S. Food and Drug Administration(FDA) doesn’t require manufacturers to list caffeine content on nutrition labels, it’s often hard to tell whether a product contains the stimulant, and how much.These  sources of caffeine—some hidden, some just plain weird—could be giving you the jitters.

    Decaf  coffee

    The name implies that this cup of java delivers all the taste you love without the caffeine, but don’t be fooled. In 2007, Consumer Reports tested 36 cups of decaffeinated coffee from six coffee standbys, including Starbucks and Dunkin’ Donuts. Compared to the caffeine found in a regular cup (generally around 100 milligrams), the decaf samples had less, but some packed in over 20.

    Non-cola sodas

    Colas and other sodas like Mountain Dew are well-known caffeinated culprits, but others play less obvious roles in your daily caffeine intake. Some brands of root beer, such as Barq’s, contain caffeine. Both the regular and diet flavors have 23 milligrams per 12-ounce can, just 12 milligrams less than a can of Coke. Sunkist’s orange soda has a surprising 41 milligrams of caffeine, and A&W Cream Soda has about 25 milligrams.

    Chocolate 

    Caffeine is found naturally in cocoa beans, so any chocolate has a little bit of the stimulant. Candy bars generally have less than 10 milligrams, but the darker the chocolate, the higher the caffeine content. Hershey’s Special Dark Chocolate Bar has a whopping 31 milligrams, almost as much as a can of Coke! Some chocolate is fortified with additional caffeine for an energy boost—take the limited edition Snickers Charge, which has 60 milligrams of caffeine, about the same as a cup of tea.


    Ice Cream 

    If there’s coffee or chocolate in your ice cream, expect the scoop to deliver a small jolt. Many popular brands have coffee flavors that contain between 30 and 45 milligrams of caffeine per half cup, which is about the same as a can of Coke. Chocolate ice cream has much less, however; a half cup of Breyer’s All Natural Chocolate ice cream has only 3 milligrams, according to a Consumer Reports analysis.


    Weight loss pills 


    Caffeine really doesn’t do much to shrink your waistline, yet diet pill manufacturers have overloaded their pills with the stimulant. For example, taking 1,223 milligrams in a daily dose of Zantrex-3 is like having 12 cups of coffee, according to a 2005 analysis conducted by ConsumerLab.com.

    Pain relievers 

    A little caffeine can curb headaches, but in large quantities it can actually cause them, some research suggests. Many pain relievers incorporate caffeine to ease the pain, but if you take more than the label suggests, you could be taking more than you need. Two Excedrin Migraine tablets have 130 milligrams of caffeine, the same as a Starbucks Light Frappuccino with espresso— so stick with the two-tablets-per-24-hours label instructions.

    Energy water '


    Riding the coattails of the fortified water trend is a new concoction from various bottling companies: caffeinated water. Some packaging, like that of the former Fruit2O Energy, which boasted as much caffeine as a cup of coffee, displays caffeine content prominently. But others, specifically those flavored with guarana, a Brazilian plant that is a natural source of caffeine, are less obvious; for example, Propel’s limited edition Invigorating flavor has 50 milligrams of caffeine, as does VitaminWater’s Energy flavor.

    Alcoholic energy drinks 

    The practice of mixing caffeinated beverages and alcohol – popular among college-age drinkers – also has gained traction among adolescents, according to a new study co-authored by BU School ofPublic Health researchers.

    The study – led by BUSPH student Kalé Z. Kponee and community health sciences professor Michael Siegel, and published in the journal Addictive Behaviors – indicates that mixing caffeine and alcohol is more common among underage drinkers and starts at a much earlier age that previously thought.

    The research team, which includes David H. Jernigan from the Johns

    Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, found that young people who consumed energy drinks mixed with alcohol were several times more likely to binge drink, get in fights and sustain alcohol-related injuries than those who did not.

    Adolescents who consumed alcohol mixed with energy drinks had almost twice the average drinking days per month as those who did not mix caffeine with alcohol. They also consumed almost triple the total number of drinks per month compared to non-caffeine users.

    Mixing alcohol and caffeine can mask some of the feelings of intoxication, Siegel said.
    “It’s particularly dangerous because the caffeine hides the cues that young people normally receive from alcohol to indicate intoxication, leading them to drink more than they intend,” he explained. “Our findings suggest that this is leading to severe adverse consequences.”
    The researchers found that teens who started drinking between ages 11 and 13 were more likely to report recently drinking caffeinated alcoholic beverages than those who started later.





    Despite the number of claims about the benefits of coffee ,the truth is :


    COFFEE ADDICTION IS HARMFUL TO YOUR HEALTH

    If you’re like over half the adult population in the United States, you drink coffee every day. By the end of the year, you will have consumed over ten pounds of the stuff. 

    What’s disturbing is that a tremendous number of people, including you, are made to believe that coffee is good for your health. Like a drug, coffee gets you addicted to drinking it every time. You enjoy its great taste and turn to coffee to get your energy boost for the day. 

    In fact, drinking coffee has become so addictive that some people can’t get through the day without downing several cups in the morning, noon and night. It has even evolved into a social drink, with consumers spending generously on sugar-loaded concoctions from Starbucks and other cafes.

    Drinking Coffee Daily Can Compound the Toxic Substances in Your Body that Increase Your Risk of Insomnia, Stroke and Heart Disease


    If your coffee beans are grown outside this country, it’s very likely that they have been exposed to PESTICIDES that contribute to several cancers and Parkinson’s disease. Coffee is also known to disrupt absorption of vitamins and minerals that are essential for your body to function properly. The caffeine doesn’t have any nutritional value either, and has been linked to diabetes. In pregnant women, it increases the risk of having a miscarriage or a low birth weight baby. Other health hazards include:

    • Heart disease
    • High cholesterol levels
    • Fluid loss in your body
    • Rheumatoid Arthritis
    • Stroke
    • Damaged blood vessels
    • Insomnia
    • Anxiety symptoms
    • Depleted Calcium and Iron levels in women


    Red wine, berries and herbs could halt diabetes


    Thinkstock

    Red wine, berries and herbs could halt diabetes


    यहाँ भी अति भली नहीं सिद्ध होगी। भले कुछ ऐसे खाद्य पदार्थ और पेय हैं जिन्हें अब तक सेहत के लिए उतना मुफीद नहीं माना गया था जो इन्सुलिन रेजिस्टेंस कम करते हैं। ज्ञात हो मधुमेह के ज्ञात मरीज़ों में इन्सुलिन रेजिस्टेंस बढ़ा हुआ रहता है। कुछ गहरे लाल और नीले रंग के फल ऐसे तत्व लिए रहते हैं जो इन्सुलिन रेजिस्टेंस घटाते हैं। इनमें रेड वाइन भी शामिल दिखी है चॉकलेट भी ,ब्लू बेरीज भी (जामुन ,फालसा आदि भी ).

    यहाँ आप चाहे तो यह निष्कर्ष निकाल सकते हैं कि उक्त खाद्यों /पेयों का सेवन मधुमेह से बचाव का रास्ता है लेकिन ऐसा निष्कर्ष निकालना जल्द बाज़ी ही होगी। अभी और अध्ययनों  से इस तथ्य की पुष्टि तो हो ले। 

    समझा जाता है और रिसर्च ने भी इंगित किया है यह कमाल फिलेवेनोइड्स (flavanoids )और खासकर ऐंथोसायनिंस (anthocyanins)जैसे तत्वों का है जो इन खादयों और पेयों में अपना वज़ूद बनाये रहते हैं। लेकिन यहाँ भी इनका कितना सेवन किया जाए। इस बारे में अभी कुछ निश्चय पूर्वक कहना सम्भव नहीं है। इनकी अति केलोरी झोंकेगी सिस्टम में जिसके नुक्सानात ज्यादा होंगे फायदे के बरक्स अत : सावधान। 

    मॉडरेशन इज़ दा  की। 

    MODERATION IS THE KEY 

    Researchers have narrowed down a shortlist of foods they believe are crucial for helping the body ward off diabetes – and the good news is that red wine is included.


    Researchers from the University of East Anglia and King's College London found that foods high in flavanoids and anthocyanins increase our insulin resistance and help regulate blood glucose.

    Flavanoids are antioxidants found in various plant foods, such as parsley, thyme and celery, as well as dark chocolate and tea. They've been found to help protect against heart disease and some cancers, but now it appears they help with diabetes too.
    However, it was anthocyanins, which are found in red and blue-coloured fruits and vegetables and red wine, which the researchers believed were the best weapon.
    They studied almost 2000 healthy women who had completed questionnaires that highlighted their total flavanoid intake.
    Blood samples were also taken and tested for glucose regulation and insulin resistance.

    "This is one of the first large-scale human studies to look at how these powerful bioactive compounds might reduce the risk of diabetes," lead author Professor Aedin Cassidy from UEA said in a media release.
    "Laboratory studies have shown these types of foods might modulate blood glucose regulation. But until now little has been known about how habitual intakes might affect insulin resistance, blood glucose regulation and inflammation in humans."
    Professor Cassidy said it immediately became clear that those who consumed lots of anthocyanins and flavones had lower insulin resistance.
    "High insulin resistance is associated with Type 2 diabetes, so what we are seeing is that people who eat foods rich in these two compounds, such as berries, herbs, red grapes, wine, are less likely to develop the disease," she said.
    "We also found that those who ate the most anthocyanins were least likely to suffer chronic inflammation, which is associated with many of today's most pressing health concerns including diabetes, obesity, cardiovascular disease, and cancer. And those who consumed the most flavone compounds had improved levels of a protein adiponectin, which helps regulate a number of metabolic processes including glucose levels."
    Professor Cassidy said the next step was to find out how much we need to consume.
    "What we don't yet know is exactly how much of these compounds are necessary to potentially reduce the risk of Type 2 diabetes," she said.
    King's College's Professor Tim Spector, who was involved in the study, said further studies are needed to confirm the findings.
    "This is an exciting finding that shows that some components of foods that we consider unhealthy like chocolate or wine may contain some beneficial substances," he said.
    "There are many reasons including genetics why people prefer certain foods so we should be cautious until we test them properly in randomised trials and in people developing early diabetes."
    Diabetes UK said the best thing people can do to reduce their risk of diabetes is maintain a healthy diet with a range of fruit and vegetables.

    "But for red wine and chocolate, which also contain them, our advice is to limit your consumption of these and this advice would be very unlikely to change even if further research did demonstrate that flavonoids reduce Type 2 diabetes risk," Dr Alasdair Rankin, director of research for Diabetes UK told the Daily Mail.
    "This is because any health benefit from the flavonoids would be dramatically outweighed by the calories in the chocolate and the alcohol in the wine."
    The study was published in the Journal of Nutrition.

    Source: Daily Mail Author: Kimberly Gillan Approving editor: Rory Kinsella