मुम्बई नगरी ने भी इस दिशा में शानदार काम किया है।प्रस्तुत है इसका संक्षिप्त सा विवरण :
THE HAPPY NEWS ON THE HIV EPIDEMIC FRONT CONTINUES .JUST WHEN UNITED NATIONS AIDS (UNAIDS)HAS PRAISED INDIA FOR REDUCING NEW HIV INFECTION RATE BY 57 % IN A DECADE ,NEWS FROM MUMBAI SHOWS THAT THE NUMBER OF PATIENTS PUT ON LIFE SAVING DRUGS HAS ALMOST DOUBLED IN THE LAST FIVE YEARS .FIGURES RELEASED BY THE MUMBAI DISTRICT AIDS CONTROL SOCIETY (MDACS)ON THE EVE OF WORLD AIDS DAY SHOW THAT 36,920 HIV PATIENTS IN THE CITY HAVE BEEN PUT ON ANTI -RETROVIRAL THERAPY (ART )OVER THE YEARS .
THE THERAPY HAS BEEN INSTRUEMENTAL IN CHANGING THE PERCEPTION OF AIDS FROM BEING A DEATH SENTENCE TO A MANAGEABLE CHRONIC DISEASE .
"THIS IS A 96.2% INCREASE IN THE NUMBER OF PATIENTS TAKING ART SINCE 2008,"SAID DR B ADSUL ,ADDITIONAL PROJECT DIRECTOR AT MDACS.THE NUMBER SHOW THAT THE AIDS -CONTROL PROGRAMME IS SPREADING WIDER INTO THE COMMUNITY .THE CITY'S GOVERNMENT AIDED AIDS CONTROL PROGRAMME HAS REGISTRATIONS OF 67,326 PATIENTS ACROSS THE CITY .
"IN THE LAST FIVE YEARS ,WE HAVE MANAGED TO INCREASE THE NUMBER OF PATIENTS COMING TO US FOR TREATMENT BY 60% ,"SAID DR ADSUL .THAT HIV -POSITIVE INDIVIDUALS ARE LIVING HEALTHIER LIVES CAN BE GAUGED FROM THE FACT ALMOST 40% OF THE REGISTERED PATIENTS DON'T NEED ART YET ,SAID AN MDACS OFFICIAL .
THE MDACS ,WHICH WORKS UNDER THE CIVIC BODY ,OPERATED 69 CENTERS FOR TESTING AND COUNSELLING PATIENTS AS WELL AS 10 CENTERS TO DISTRIBUTE ART MEDICINES .
IN THE LAST FIVE YEARS ,THE NUMBER OF PEOPLE GETTING THEMSELVES CHECKED FOR THE DISEASE HAS GONE UP BY 39 % .THE NUMBER OF PREGNANT WOMEN GETTING THEMSELVES CHECKED FOR HIV HAS INCREASED BY 5%.
REPORTS A 52% IN NEW HIV INFECTIONS AMONG CHILDREN AND A COMBINED 33% REDUCTION AMONG ADULTS AND CHILDREN SINCE 2001
closing in on Millennium Development Goal 6, globally the has been halted and reversed—race is on to reach universal access to HIV treatment.
new HIV infections in children
New HIV infections among adults and children were estimated at 2.3 million in 2012, a 33% reduction since 2001. New HIV infections among children have been reduced to 260 000 in 2012, a reduction of 52% since 2001.
Fewer AIDS-related deaths
AIDS-related deaths have also dropped by 30% since the peak in 2005 as access to antiretroviral expands.
By the end of 2012, some 9.7 million people in low- and middle- countries were antiretroviral therapy, an increase of nearly 20% in . In 2011, UN Member States agreed to a 2015 target of reaching 15 million people with HIV treatment.
Despite a flattening in donor for HIV, which has remained around the same as 2008 levels, domestic spending on HIV has increased, for 53% of global in 2012. The total global resources available for HIV in 2012 was estimated at US$ 18.9 billion, US$ 3-5 billion short of the US$ 22-24 billion estimated to be needed annually by 2015.
- 35.3 million [32.2 million - 38.8 million] people were living with HIV
- 2.3 million [1.9 million - 2.7 million] people became newly infected with HIV
- 1.6 million [1.4 million - 1.9 million] people died from AIDS-
10 goals for 2015
- Sexual of HIV reduced by half, including among young people, men who have sex with men and transmission in the context of sex work;
- Vertical transmission of HIV eliminated and AIDS-related maternal deaths reduced by half;
- All new HIV infections prevented among people who use drugs;
- Universal access to antiretroviral for people living with HIV who are eligible for treatment;
- TB deaths among people living with HIV reduced by half;
- All people living with HIV and households affected by HIV are addressed in all national strategies and have access to and support;
- Countries with punitive and practices around HIV transmission, sex work, drug use or homosexuality that block effective responses reduced by half;
- HIV-related restrictions on entry, stay and residence eliminated in half of the countries that have such restrictions;
- HIV-specific needs of women and girls are addressed in at least half of all national HIV ;
- for gender-based violence.