मित्रों!

आप सबके लिए “आपका ब्लॉग” तैयार है। यहाँ आप अपनी किसी भी विधा की कृति (जैसे- अकविता, संस्मरण, मुक्तक, छन्दबद्धरचना, गीत, ग़ज़ल, शालीनचित्र, यात्रासंस्मरण आदि प्रकाशित कर सकते हैं।

बस आपको मुझे मेरे ई-मेल roopchandrashastri@gmail.com पर एक मेल करना होगा। मैं आपको “आपका ब्लॉग” पर लेखक के रूप में आमन्त्रित कर दूँगा। आप मेल स्वीकार कीजिए और अपनी अकविता, संस्मरण, मुक्तक, छन्दबद्धरचना, गीत, ग़ज़ल, शालीनचित्र, यात्रासंस्मरण आदि प्रकाशित कीजिए।


समर्थक

मंगलवार, 31 दिसंबर 2013

दिल और दिमाग तथा फेफड़ों की बीमारियों के अलावा धूम्रपान दिमाग की अपविकासी बीमारी रोग समूह डिमेंशा (DEMENTIA)की वजह बन सकता है। सिगरेट में मौज़ूद आर्सेनिक तथा सायनाइड विषाक्त तत्व दिमागी कोशाओं को नष्ट कर सकते हैं। ऐसे में ब्रेन अटेक (STROKE )का ख़तरा सहज ही बढ़ जाता है।

इंग्लैण्ड में एक करोड़ से भी ज्यादा औरत -मर्द धूम्रपान करते हैं यह वहाँ 

पुरुषों की आबादी का २२% तथा महिलाओं की संख्या का तकरीबन १९% 

है। 

यदि लोगों ने इस व्यसन को ज़ारी रखा तो२०२० तक 

भारत में पंद्रह लाख लोग इस दुर्व्यसन से पैदा बीमारियों से हर 

साल मरते जायेंगे। 

२७५ मिलियन लोग (सत्ताइस करोड़ पांच लाख )यहाँ तम्बाकू का सेवन कर रहे हैं। मर्दों मेंसभी प्रकार के  कैंसर के आधे मरीज़ तथा महिलाओं में एक चौथाई इसी व्यसन के कारण पैदा हुए हैं। अलावा इसके दिल और फेफड़ों की बीमारियों की भारत में धूम्रपान एक बड़ी वजह बना हुआ है। 

फिलवक्त दुनिया भर में साठ लाख लोग इस दुर्व्यसन की चपेट में आके मर जाते हैं २०३० तक यह संख्या बढ़के अस्सी लाख हो जायेगी। 

एक से ज्यादा वजहें मौज़ूद हैं इस बरस धूम्रपान छोड़ने की :

दिल और दिमाग तथा फेफड़ों की बीमारियों के अलावा धूम्रपान दिमाग की अपविकासी बीमारी रोग समूह  डिमेंशा (DEMENTIA)की वजह बन सकता है। सिगरेट में मौज़ूद आर्सेनिक तथा सायनाइड विषाक्त तत्व दिमागी कोशाओं को नष्ट कर सकते  हैं। ऐसे में ब्रेन अटेक (STROKE )का ख़तरा सहज ही बढ़ जाता है। 

प्रत्येक दो में से एक स्मोकर उम्र से पहले मर जाता है। 

अध्ययनों से पुष्ट हुआ है धूम्रपान बोध संबंधी क्षय (संज्ञानतमक क्षय ,COGNITIVE DECLINE )को तेज़ी से बढ़ा रहा है। दिल और फेफड़ों से होता विषप्रधान रक्त कोशा दर कोशा शरीर के हर अंग तक पहुंचता है हर कश के साथ। 

अच्छी खबर यही है धूम्रपान छोड़िये ,पांच बरसों में बढ़ा हुआ हर किस्म का ख़तरा उतना ही  रह जाएगा जितना धूम्रपान न करने वालों के लिए होता है।  

नए साल में नए संकल्पन के साथ धूम्रपान छोड़िये। भगवान आपकी मदद तभी करेगा जब आप अपनी मदद खुद करने की पहल करेंगे।  

A daily wage labourer smokes as he waits for an employer in the old quarters of Delhi, April 29, 2010. REUTERS/Adnan Abidi
A daily wage labourer smokes as he waits for an employer in the old quarters of Delhi, April 29, 2010.
CREDIT: REUTERS/ADNAN ABIDI



Smoking damages brain, doubles stroke death risk

Cigarettes damage your brain... and smokers have double the risk of stroke death


Quit Smoking Now and make the new year 2014 happier




Smokers have double the risk of dying from a stroke, researchers have found. The warning comes as public health authorities begin a campaign highlighting the harms of smoking to the brain. 


A new television commercial, which will air for the first time tomorrow, will "bring to life the toxic cycle of dirty blood" caused by inhaling cigarette smoke. While the harms of smoking to the heart and lungs are increasingly well-known and understood, health officials will draw attention to the way chemicals such as arsenic and cyanide can damage cells in the brain — increasing the risk of stroke, but also of cognitive decline and dementia. 

England's chief medical officer, Sally Davies, said that she was "extremely worried" that people were still underestimating the health risks of smoking, despite it being the single biggest cause of premature deaths, with one in two smokers dying early because of diseases related to their habit. 

The research, published in the New England Journal of Medicine and carried out by experts at the American Cancer Society and Harvard School of Medicine, looked at 50-year trends in mortality in the US, and found significant increases in mortality rates from smoking-related diseases among women. 

More than 10 million British adults smoke – around 22 per cent of men and 19 per cent of women.

A second study, carried out at University College London (UCL), has shown that cognitive decline in men can be nearly 38% faster among persistent smokers. Gareth Hagger-Johnson, research associate at UCL, said that "all smokers should consider quitting to help protect their brain from serious long-term harm". The new ad shows a smoker inhaling, before following the route of harmful chemicals into his lungs, out into his bloodstream via his heart, and into the brain.

"We know about the serious effect smoking has on the heart and lungs but smokers need to be aware of how much potential damage is being done to the brain and other vital organs through toxins in cigarettes entering the blood," said Dame Sally.
"However, it is not all doom and gloom for smokers looking to quit this New Year. Within five years of stopping smoking, your risk can be reduced to the same as a lifetime non-smoker."
There are around 152,000 strokes in the UK every year – one every five minutes. A stroke occurs when the blood supply to the brain is cut off, causing brain cells to be damaged or die. It is the third-biggest cause of death and the brain damage suffered by many survivors also makes it the most common cause of disability.
Joe Korner, of the Stroke Association, said: "The more you smoke, the more your risk increases … Stopping smoking is one of the most important things you can do to reduce your risk of stroke."

Professor Kevin Fenton, director of health and wellbeing for Public Health England, said: "Highlighting the unseen damaging effect smoking has on the body's major organs provides a real motivation for people to stop."

Huge tobacco use in India seen killing 1.5 million a year


Tobacco inflicts huge damage on the health of India's people and could be clocking up a death toll of 1.5 million a year by 2020 if more users are not persuaded to kick the habit, an international report said on Thursday.

Despite having signed up to a global treaty on tobacco control and having numerous anti-tobacco and smoke-free laws, India is failing to implement them effectively, leaving its people vulnerable to addiction and ill health, according to the report by the International Tobacco Control Project (ITCP).
"Compared with many countries around the world, India has been proactive in introducing tobacco control legislation since 2003," said Geoffrey Fong, a professor of psychology at Canada's University of Waterloo and a co-author of the report.

"However ... the legislation currently in place is not delivering the desired results - in terms of dissuading tobacco use and encouraging quitting."
As a result, India, with a population of 1.2 billion, currently has around 275 million tobacco users, the report said.
Harm from tobacco accounts for nearly half of all cancers among males and a quarter of all cancers among females there, as well as being a major cause of heart and lung diseases.
"The tobacco epidemic in India requires urgent attention," the report said, adding that by 2020, tobacco consumption will account for more than 1.5 million Indian deaths a year.
Worldwide, the number of deaths caused by tobacco is expected to rise from around 6 million a year now to more than 8 million by 2030, according to the World Health Organisation.
The ITCP India Survey conducted face to face interviews with 8,000 tobacco users and 2,400 non-users across four Indian states - Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and West Bengal.

So-called smokeless tobacco - including chewing products such as gutkha, zarda, paan masal and khaini - is the most common form of tobacco use in India, with many poorer people and women preferring these over smoking cigarettes or bindis - small, cheap, locally-made cigarettes.
According to the Global Adult Tobacco Survey, 26 percent of adults in India consume smokeless tobacco - 33 percent of men and 18.4 percent of women. Smokeless tobacco can cause oral and other cancers, as well as other mouth diseases and heart disease.
Among several striking findings in the ITCP report was that, while many smokers and tobacco users said they knew of the health risks, only a small proportion said they would like to quit.
Up to 94 percent of smokers and up to the same proportion of smokeless users in the survey said they had no plans to give up.
Set against this, the report also found that up to 81 percent of smokers and up to 87 percent of smokeless tobacco users expressed regret for taking up the habit, and more than 90 percent of tobacco users and non-users in all four states had negative views on smoking and tobacco.

The report said that, while India has been a regional leader in enacting tobacco control legislation over the past 10 years, the laws are poorly enforced, regulations covering smoke-free zones are patchy, and tobacco remains relatively cheap.
Fong said the low percentage of people wanting to quit meant deaths from tobacco use were destined to stay high.
"If there is any single indicator of the urgent need for continued and strengthened efforts for strong, evidence-based tobacco control in India - this is it."



2 टिप्‍पणियां:

  1. आपकी उत्कृष्ट प्रस्तुति बुधवारीय चर्चा मंच पर ।।

    उत्तर देंहटाएं
  2. बहुत सुन्दर प्रस्तुति।
    --
    गये साल को है प्रणाम!
    है नये साल का अभिनन्दन।।
    लाया हूँ स्वागत करने को
    थाली में कुछ अक्षत-चन्दन।।
    है नये साल का अभिनन्दन।।...
    --
    नवल वर्ष 2014 की हार्दिक शुभकामनाएँ।

    उत्तर देंहटाएं