Ebola outbreak: What every Indian should know
To prevent Ebola virus entry and spread of EVD in India, Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) has issued directives to all airlines operating on international routes. The airlines have been asked to take following precautionary measures with immediate effect: In flight announcement should be made for self-reporting by travellers who have any signs or symptoms of EVD. The copy of the announcement has been provided to the airlines .
Instructions have been issued for self-reporting by travellers who suffer any signs or symptoms of EVD to APHO/medical unit for travelers; and travellers on flights are to be given the health-form for submitting information regarding visit to any affected country during last 21 days and having symptoms of EVD during travel or on arrival.
How worrying is Ebola?
But what is Ebola and how scary is it? Or for that matter, is there any genuine reason to worry?
There is no cure for Ebola hemorrhagic fever. More than half of people infected in this outbreak have died. Death rates in some past outbreaks reached 90 percent.
It's a cruel end that comes within days. Patients grow feverish and weak, suffering through body aches, vomiting, diarrhea and internal bleeding, sometimes bleeding from the nose and ears. The damage can spiral far beyond the patients themselves.
Because it's spread through direct contact with the bodily fluids of sick patients, Ebola takes an especially harsh toll on doctors and nurses. Outbreaks spark fear and panic.
The outbreak began in Guinea in March before spreading to neighboring Sierra Leone and Liberia. A traveler recently carried it farther, to Nigeria, leading to a few cases in the giant city of Lagos.
Ebola is devastating for those it affects. But most people don't need to fear it. Why?
Ebola doesn't spread easily, the way a cold virus or the flu does. It is only spread by direct contact with bodily fluids such as blood, saliva, sweat and urine. Family members have contracted it by caring for their relatives or handling an infected body as part of burial practices. People aren't contagious until they show symptoms which may not appear until 21 days after exposure.
Ebola's toll is minuscule compared with other diseases that killing millions of people. The common diseases have far lower mortality rates. They kill so many people because such huge numbers are infected. In comparison, Ebola is manageable.
Indians in Africa not panicking
Probably that's why there is no panic movement out of West Africa by Indian nationals living in the region.
"There have been a few calls from people who were anxious about the disease, whilst others have expressed the desire to leave Nigeria, but there has not been any urgent need to move out," Sharad Srivastava, first secretary in the Indian high commission in Abuja, the Nigerian capital, said. The mission in Abuja is also accredited to Benin, Cameroun and Chad.
"Nobody is packing out and we do not have any information from other countries - that we are accredited to - showing that there is any panic among the Indian community," T.J. Suresh, information counsellor of the Indian high commission in Accra, the Ghanaian capital, said.
A few Indians on the streets of Accra said they were keenly following the news about the situation.
"I have heard of Ebola but fortunately there is no such case in Ghana so it is not as scary," businessman Mukesh Rao said.
Another businessman, A. Jain, said that "life is normal and from the information that is being passed around, Ebola, though scary, is not spread when you are careful not to get into a situation where you touch those who are infected with the virus".
In Nigeria, the Indian high commission has issued an advisory on its website to guide Indian nationals.
Among other things, it says: "Nigeria has declared Ebola outbreak a national emergency and is taking steps to contain its spread."
It also cautioned "all Indian residents in Nigeria and those planning to undertake unavoidable travel to Nigeria to adhere to the dos and donts circulated by the ministry of health and family welfare, government of India".
"As the disease is not airborne and is transmitted only through contact with body fluids of the affected, personal hygiene is a critical preventive measure," the advisory said and asked nationals to contact the high commission for any further assistance.
इबोला मनुष्यों ,के अलावा बंदरों चिम्पांजियों को होने वाला एक विषाणुजन्य रोग है जिसका फिलवक्त कोई इलाज़ नहीं है अलबत्ता इसके लक्षणों का शमन मुमकिन है।कोंगों देश में इबोला नाम की एक नदी बहती है इसी के नाम पर इसे इबोला कहा जाता है। इस रोग का पता सबसे पहले १९७६ में यहीं चला था।
संक्रमित प्राणियों के रक्त के अलावा शरीर से होने वाले अन्य रिसावों के संपर्क में आने से यह बीमारी स्वस्थ प्राणियों को हस्तांतरित हो जाती है। रोगी को लगाईं जा चुकी सिरिंजों से सम्पर्कित होने और संक्रमित पशु का मांस खाने से भी यह बीमारी हो जाती है।
फिलवक्त इस रोग का कोई मानक इलाज़ नहीं है सिवाय इसके की संक्रमित व्यक्ति को अलग थलग दूर रखा जाए शेष जनों से। तरल पदार्थ लगातार दिए जाए ताकि इलेक्ट्रोलाइट बेलेंस न गड़बड़ाए रोगी शरीर का। रक्तसार्व शरीर के अंदरूनी या बाहरी अंगों से होने पर फ़ौरन रक्तापूर्ति भी की जाए।
कमज़ोरी से शुरुआत होती है इसके लक्षणों की। हैमरेजिक फीवर के अलावा पेशीय पीड़ा (मसल पेन ),सिर दर्द और गले में दर्द (दुखन )इसके दीगर लक्षण हैं। अतिसार के साथ मतली भी रोगी को आती है आ सकती है। अंदरूनी अंगों में रक्तसार्व के अलावा चमड़ी पे चकत्ते भी देखे जा सकते हैं।
बचाव ने ही बचाव। घबराने की कोई वजह नहीं है। एक प्रतिक्रिया ब्लॉग पोस्ट :
नई बिमारी आ गई,मचा हुआ कुहराम।
दिया डॉकटरों ने इसे,नया"इबोला"नाम।।
नया"इबोला"नाम,चली ये अफ्रीका से।
बारह दिन में सिर्फ,उठा दे यह दुनिया से।
रहिये बड़े सतर्क,छोड़ कर दुनियादारी।
अब तक नहीं इलाज,ये ऐसी नई बिमारी।।