Now ,a new paper underscores the safety of this schedule .It was prepared by the Institute of Medicine and reviewed by an independent committee of experts .After compiling all the evidence ,the experts found nothing to support links between the current childhood vaccine schedule and autoimmune diseases ,asthma ,seizures ,learning or developmental disorders ,or attention deficit or disruptive behavior disorders.
In most cases ,children must get the required shots before entering school or child care .Most parents are on board .The report notes that 90 percent of children are fully or mostly vaccinated by the time they reach kindergarten.
However ,many states ,including Michigan ,allow parents to skip or delay vaccines for religious or personal beliefs.A study published in JAMA Pediatrics found that almost half of children studied spent at least some time without all the recommended shots before turning age 2 .
It's these results that have led to new outbreaks of illness ,such as measles and whooping cough ,the IOM report notes .
Check the chart given below for the recommended immunization schedule for children upto age 18.
Getting the facts about vaccines can help you make decisions for your family .Find information at vaccines.gov.
IMMUNIZATION AGE HOW OFTEN
Hepatitis B Birth 1st dose
1-2 months 2nd dose
6-18 months 3rd dose
Rotavirus 2-6 months Complete series
HiB-haemophilus 2-15 months Complete series
Pneumococcal 2 months 1st dose
conjugate 4 months 2nd dose
6 months 3rd dose
12-15 months 4 th dose
DTaP 2 ,4 ,6 months 1st,2nd ,3rd dose
15-18 months 4th dose
4-6 years 5th dose
Polio 2 months 1st dose
4 months 2nd dose
6-18 months 3rd dose
4-6 years 4th dose
Flu 6 months -18 years 2 doses 1st year
then every year
9-21 years Every year
Hepatitis A 12 months 1st dose
18-24 months 2nd dose
MMR(measles, 12 -15 months 1st dose
mumps and rubellaa) 4-6 years 2nd dose
Varicella 12- 15 months 1st dose
(chickenpox) 4-12 years 2nd dose
HPV(human Females ,9-26 years 3 doses
papillomavirus) Males, 9-26 years Ask your doctor
Tdap 11-12 years 1 dose
Meningococcal 11-12 years 1 dose
16-18 years 1 booster
Reference material : Living Healthy /Fall 2013/child health