बाइसवाँ -तेइसवां और चौबीसवां
कर्मणैव हि संसिद्धिमास्थिता जनकादय :
लोकसंग्रहमेवापी सम्पश्यन्कर्तुमर्हसि (3. २०)
यद्यदाचरति श्रेष्ठस्तत्तदेवेतरो जन :
स यत्प्रमाणं कुरुते लोकस्तदनुवर्तते। (३.२१ )
राजा जनक आदि ग्यानीजन निष्काम कर्मयोग द्वारा परम सिद्धि को प्राप्त हुए थे। लोककल्याण के लिए भी तुम्हारा कर्म करना ही उचित है। निस्वार्थ सेवा करने वाले कर्म से नहीं बंधते हैं और मुक्ति को प्राप्त होते हैं। दूसरों के हित का ध्यान रखने वालों की पहुँच के कुछ भी बाहर नहीं है।
श्रेष्ठ मनुष्य जैसा आचरण करता है ,दूसरे लोग भी वैसा ही आचरण करते हैं। वह जो आदर्श बताता है ,जनसमुदाय उसी का अनुसरण करता है। लोग महापुरुषों का अनुसरण करते हैं।
By performing their prescribed duties ,King Janak and others attained perfection .You should also perform your work to set an example for the good of the world .Whatever actions great persons perform ,common people follow .Whatever standards they set ,all the world pursues.
King Janak attained perfection through karm yog ,while discharging his kingly duties .Even after reaching the transcendental
platform ,he continued to do his worldly duties ,purely for the reason that it would set a good example for the world to follow .Many other Saints did the same .
Humanity is inspired by the ideals that they see in the lives of great people .Such leaders inspire society by their example and become shining beacons for the masses to follow .Leaders of society thus have a moral responsibilty to set lofty examples for inspiring the rest of the population by their words ,deeds ,and character .When noble leaders are in the forefront ,the rest of society naturally gets uplifted in morality ,selflessness ,and spiritual strength.But in times when their is a vacuum of principled leadership ,the rest of society have no standards to pursue and slumps into self-centeredness ,moral bankruptcy ,and spiritual lassitude .Hence ,great personalities should always act in an exemplary manner to set the standard for the world .Even though they themselves may have risen to the transcendental platform ,and may not need to perform prescribed Vedic duties ,by doing so ,they inspire others to perform prescribed Vedic actions.
If a great leader of society becomes a karm sanyasi ,and renounces work ,it sets an errant precedent for others .The leader may be at the transcendental platform and therefore eligible to renounce work and engage completely in spirituality .However ,others in society use their example as an excuse for escapism ,to run away from their responsibilities.Such escapists cite the instances of the great karm sanyasis ,such as Shankaracharya ,Madhvacharya ,Nimbarkacharya ,and Chaitanya Mahaprabhu .Following their lofty footsteps ,these imposters also renounce worldly duties and take sanyas ,even though they have not yet attained the purity of mind required for it .In India ,wefind thousands of such sadhus .They copy the examples of the great sanyasis and don the ochre robes ,without the concurrent internal enlightenment and bliss .Though externally renounced ,their nature forces them to seek happiness ,and devoid of the divine bliss of God ,they begin indulging in the lowly pleasure of intoxication .Thus ,they slip even below the level of people in household life ,as stated in the following verse :
ब्रह्म ज्ञान जान्यो नहीं ,कर्म दिए छिटकाय ,
तुलसी ऐसी आत्मा सहज नर्क महँ जाय।
Sage Tulsidas says :"One who renounces worldly duties ,without the concurrent internal enlightenment with divine knowledge ,treads the quick path to hell .
Instead if a great leader is a karm yogi ,at least the followers will continue to do their karm and dutifully perform their responsibilities .This will help them learn to discipline their mind and senses ,and slowly rise to discipline their mind and senses ,and slowly rise to the transcendental platform .Hence ,to present an example for society to follow ,Shree Krishna suggests that Arjun should practice karm yog .He now gives his own example to illustrate the above point .
(२२ ) न मे पार्थास्ति कर्तव्यं त्रिषु लोकेषु किञ्चन ,
नानवाप्तमवाप्तव्यं वर्त एव च कर्मणि।
हे पार्थ ,तीनों लोकों में न तो मेरा कोई कर्तव्य है और न कोई भी प्राप्त करने योग्य वास्तु मुझे अप्राप्त है ,फिर भी मैं कर्म करता हूँ।
There is no duty for me to do in all the three worlds ,O Parth, nor do I have anything to gain or attain .Yet ,I am engaged in prescribed duties .
The reason why we all work is because we need something .We are all tiny parts of God ,who is an ocean of bliss ,and hence we all seek bliss .Since ,we have not attained perfect bliss as yet ,we feel dissatisfied and incomplete .So whatever we do is for the sake of attaining bliss .However ,bliss is one of God's energies and he alone possesses it to the infinite extent .He is perfect and complete in himself and has no need of anything outside of himself .Thus ,he is also Atmaram (one who rejoices in the self ),Atma -rati (one who is attracted to his her own self ).
If such a personality does work ,there can be only one reason for it -it will not be for oneself ,rather for the welfare of others .Thus ,Shree Krishna tells Arjun that although in his personal form as Shree Krishna ,he has no duty to perform in the universe ,yet he works for the welfare that is accomplished when he works .
श्रीमदभगवद गीता अध्याय तीन ;श्लोक (तेइसवां ,चौबीसवां )
यदि ह्यिहं न वर्तेयं ,जातु कर्मण्यतंद्रित :
मम वतर्मा -र्नुवर्तन्ते ,मनुष्या : पार्थ सर्वश :(3. २ ३ )
उत्सिदेयुरिमे लोका न कुर्यां कर्म चेदहम ,
संकरस्य च कर्ता स्याम ,उपहन्याम इमा :प्रजा :(३. २ ४ )
(२ ३-२ ४ )क्योंकि यदि मैं सावधान होकर कर्म न करूँ तो,हे पार्थ ,मनुष्य मेरे ही मार्ग का अनुसरण करेंगे। इसलिए यदि मैं कर्म न करूँ तो , ये सब लोक नष्ट हो जायेंगे और मैं ही इनके विनाश का तथा अराजकता का कारण बनूंगा।
इसीलिए अवतार रूप में भी राम और कृष्ण दोनों को गुरुओं के पास पाठ -शाला में जाते हुए भी दिखाया गया है शेष सभी कर्म करते हुए भी।
For if I did not carefully perform the prescribed duties ,O Parth ,all men would follow my path in all respects .
In his divine pastimes on the earth ,Shree Krishna was playing the role of a king and a great leader .He appeared in the material world as the son of King Vasudeva from the Vrishni dynasty ,the foremost of the righteous .If Lord Krishna did not perform prescribed Vedic activities then so many lesser personalities would follow in his footsteps ,thinking that violating them was the standard practice .Lord Krishna states that he would be at fault for leading the mankind astray.
If I ceased to perform prescribed actions ,all these worlds would perish .I would be responsible for the pandemonium (a state of great noise ,confusion and chaos )that would prevail ,and would thereby destroy the peace of the human race .
When Shree Krishna appeared on Earth,seemingly as a human being ,he conducted himself in all ways and manners ,appropriate for his position in society ,as a member of the royal warrior class .If he had acted otherwise ,other human beings would begin to imitate him ,thinking that they must copy the conduct of the worthy son of the righteous King Vasudev .Had Shree Krishna failed to perform Vedic duties ,human beings following his examples would be led away from the discipline of karm ,into a state of chaos .This would have been a very serious offence and Lord Krishna would be considered at fault .Thus ,he explains to Arjun that if he did not fulfill his occupational duties ,it would cause pandemonium in society .
Similarly ,Arjun was world -famous for being undefeated in battle ,and was the brother of King Yudhisthir .If Arjun refused to fulfill his duty to protect dharma ,then many other worthy and noble warriors could follow his example and also renounce their prescribed duty of protecting righteousness .This would bring destruction to the world balance and the rout of innocent virtuous people .Thus ,for the benefit of the entire human race and the welfare of the world ,Shree Krishna coaxed Arjun not to neglect his prescribed Vedic activities .
Reference material :BHAGVAD GITA THE SONG OF GOD COMMENTARY BY SWAMI MUKUNDANANDA .
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THE ENGLISH COMMENTRY ON GITA IS SWAMI MUKUNDANAND JI (jkyog.org)