(१८ )नैव तस्य कृतेनार्थो नाकृतेनेह कश्चन ,
न चास्य सर्वभूतेषू कश्चिदर्थव्यपाश्रय :
उसका कर्म करने या न करने से कोई प्रयोजन नहीं रहता तथा वह (परमात्मा के सिवा )किसी और प्राणी पर आश्रित नहीं रहता है।
Such self -realized souls have nothing to gain or lose either in discharging or renouncing their duties .Nor do they need to depend on other living beings to fulfill their self interest .
These self -realized personalities are situated on the transcendental platform of the soul .Their every activity is transcendental ,in service of God .So the duties prescribed for worldly people at the bodily level ,in accordance with the Varnashram Dharma ,no longer apply to them .
Here ,the distinction needs to be made between karm and bhakti .Previously ,Shree Krishna was talking about karm ,(or prescribed worldly duties )and saying that they must be done as an offering to God .
This was necessary to purify the mind ,helping it rise above worldly contamination .But self realized souls have already reached absorption in God and developed purity of mind .These transcendentalists are directly engaged in bhakti ,or pure spiritual activities ,such as meditation ,worship kirtan ,service to the Guru ,etc .If such souls reject their worldly duties ,it is not considered a sin .They may continue to perform worldly duties if they wish ,but are not obliged to do that .
Historically ,Saints have been of two kinds :
(1) Those like Prahlad ,Dhruv ,Ambarish ,Prithu ,and Vibheeshan ,who continue to discharge their worldly duties even after attaining the transcendental platform .These were the karm yogis -externally they were doing their duties with their body while internally their minds were attached to God .
(2)Those like Shankaracharya ,Madhvacharya ,Ramanujacharya ,and Chaitanya Mahaprabhu,who rejected their worldly duties and accepted the renounced order of life .These were the karm sanyasis ,who were both internally and externally ,with both body and mind engaged in devotion to God .In this verse ,Shree Krishna tells Arjun that both options exist for the self -realized
sage .Now ,he states this in the next verse which of these he rcommends to Arjun .
(१९ )तस्माद असक्त :सततं ,कार्यं कर्म समाचार ,
असक्तो ह्याचरन्कर्म ,परमाप्नोती पूरुष :(३.१ ९)
इसलिए तुम अनासक्त होकर सदा अपने कर्तव्यकर्म का भली -भाँति पालन करो ,क्योंकि अनासक्त रह कर कर्म करने से ही मनुष्य परमात्मा को प्राप्त करता है।
कर्मयोग दर्शन -मानवता के कल्याण के लिए नि :स्वार्थ समर्पण -का प्रतिपादन श्रीमदभगवद गीता से पूर्व लिखे किसी भी धार्मिक ग्रन्थ में इतना सुन्दर नहीं हुआ है। परोपकारिता के आदर्श को भगवान् कृष्ण ने पूजा और साधना के श्रेष्ठतम रूप के स्तर पर उठाकर रख दिया है।निष्काम कर्म से व्यक्ति को शालीनता मिलती है ,शालीनता से आस्था और आस्था से परम सत्य की प्रतीति होती है।
Therefore giving up attachment ,perform actions as a matter of duty ,for by working without being attached to the fruits ,one attains the Supreme.
From verses 3.8 to 3.16 ,Shree Krishna strongly urged those who have not yet reached the transcendental platform to perform their prescribed duties .In verses 3.17 and 3.18 he stated that the transcendentalist is not obliged to perform prescribed duties .So ,what path is more suitable for Arjun ?Shree Krishana's recommondation for him is to be a karm yogi ,and not take karm sanyas .He explains the reason for this in verses 3.20 to 3.26.