(१६ )हे पार्थ ,जो मनुष्य सेवा द्वारा इस सृष्टि चक्र के चलते रहने में सहयोग नहीं देता है ,वैसा पापमय ,भोगी मनुष्य व्यर्थ ही जीता है।
गेंहू का दाना भूमि में डाले जाने और समा जाने के बाद मात्र एक दाना है। बलिदान होने पर वह अनेक दानों को जन्म देता है। संत वृक्ष ,सरिता और पृथ्वी दूसरों के उपयोग के लिए हैं।
evam pravartitam chakram nanuvartayatiha yah
aghayur indriyaramo mogham partha sa jivati
एवं प्रवर्तितं चक्रं नानुर्वतयतीह य :
अघायुरिन्द्रियारामो मोघं पार्थ स जीवति।
evam -thus ; pravaratitam -set into motion ;chakram -cycle ;na -not
anuvartayati-follow ;iha -in this life ;yah -who ;agha -sinful living ,
indriya-aramah----for the delight of their senses ;mogham -vainly
;partha -Arjun ; the son of pritha ;sah-they ;jiavati -live .
O Parth,those who do not ,accept their responsibilty in the cycle of
sacrifice established by the Vedas are sinful .They live only for the
delight of their senses;indeed their lives are in vain .
Chakra ,or cycle ,means an ordered series of events.The cycle from grains to rains has been described in verse 3.14(III chapter verse 14 ).All members of this universal wheel of action perform their duties and contribute to its smooth rotation .Since we also partake of the fruits of this natural cycle ,we too must do our bounden duty in the chain .
We humans are the only ones in this chain who have been bestowed with the ability to choose our actions by our own free will .We can thus either contribute to the harmony of the cycle or bring about discord in the smooth running of this cosmic mechanism .When the majority of the people of human society accept their responsibility to live as integral parts of the universal system ,material prosperity abounds and spiritual growth is engendered.Such periods become golden eras in the social and cultural history of humankind .Conversely ,when a major section of humankind begins to violate the universal system and rejects its responsibilty as an integral part of the cosmic system ,then material nature begins to punish ,and peace and prosperity become scarce.
The wheel of nature has been set up by God for disciplining ,training ,and elevating all living beings of varying levels of consciousness .Shree Krishna explains to Arjun that those who do not perform the yajna enjoined of them become slaves of their senses and lead a sinful existence .Thus ,they live in vain .But persons conforming to the divine law become pure at heart and free from material contamination .