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बस आपको मुझे मेरे ई-मेल roopchandrashastri@gmail.com पर एक मेल करना होगा। मैं आपको “आपका ब्लॉग” पर लेखक के रूप में आमन्त्रित कर दूँगा। आप मेल स्वीकार कीजिए और अपनी अकविता, संस्मरण, मुक्तक, छन्दबद्धरचना, गीत, ग़ज़ल, शालीनचित्र, यात्रासंस्मरण आदि प्रकाशित कीजिए।


बुधवार, 9 अप्रैल 2014

आरोग्य समाचार एवं विज्ञान समाचार

आरोग्य समाचार एवं विज्ञान समाचार 

(१) आलू और प्याज का भंडारण एक ही स्थान पर न करें। दोनों ही  गैस छोड़ते हैं एक दूजे की भंडारण अवधि कम करते हैं जल्दी सड़ जाते हैं 

(२) साइंसदानों ने पता लगाया है बहुत ज्यादा ट्वीट करने वाला व्यक्ति ज्यादा आत्म रति से ग्रस्त होता है ज्यादा अपने पे विमोहित रहता है अपना ही गुणग्राहक और गुणगायन करता रहता है बरक्स फेसबुकिये के ,वनिस्पत मुख चिठ्ठे से  चिपके लोगों के। यह निष्कर्ष शोधकर्मियों ने १००० प्रतिभागियों से बातचीत के बाद निकाले हैं। 

(३) Social stress takes a toll on chromosomes, 

affects aging

Humans experiencing high levels of social stress and deprivation have shorter telomeres. Telomeres are the protective caps at the end of chromosomes which are the best indicators of biological age (cell age) as against chronological age. 

Scientists say the length of telomeres is crucial in deciding biological age - long ones indicate healthy ageing, short ones indicate some form of irreparable damage. 

Several studies suggest that telomere shortening is accelerated by stress but until now no studies examined the effects of social isolation on telomere shortening. 

To test whether social isolation accelerates telomere shortening, Denise Aydinonat, a doctorate student at the Vetmeduni Vienna conducted a study using DNA samples that she collected from African grey parrots during routine check-ups. 

African greys are highly social birds, but they are often reared and kept in isolation from other parrots. She and her collaborators compared the telomere lengths of single birds versus pair-housed individuals with a broad range of ages (from 1 to 45 years). 

The telomere lengths of older birds were shorter compared to younger birds, regardless of their housing. 

But the important finding of the study was that single-housed birds had shorter telomeres than pair-housed individuals of the same age group. 

Dustin Penn from the Konrad Lorenz Institute of Ethology at the Vetmeduni Vienna said, "This study is the first to examine the effects of social isolation on telomere length in any species." 

Penn and his team previously conducted experiments on mice which were the first to show that exposure to crowding stress causes telomere shortening. He points out that this new finding suggests that both extremes of social conditions affect telomere attrition. 

There is extensive scientific evidence showing the strong correlation between the percentage of short telomeres and the risk of developing diseases associated with ageing, such as cancer, cardiovascular diseases and Alzheimer's. 

In turn, lifestyle habits (nutrition, obesity and exercise) are increasingly being shown to impact telomere length. 

Telomeres shorten with each cell division, and once a critical length is reached, cells are unable to divide further. Although cellular senescence is a useful mechanism to eliminate worn-out cells, it appears to contribute to aging and mortality.

Are Telomeres The Key To Aging And Cancer?

Inside the nucleus of a cell, our genes are arranged along twisted, double-stranded molecules of DNA called chromosomes. At the ends of the chromosomes are stretches of DNA called telomeres, which protect our genetic data, make it possible for cells to divide, and hold some secrets to how we age and get cancer.
Telomeres have been compared with the plastic tips on shoelaces, because they keep chromosome ends from fraying and sticking to each other, which would destroy or scramble an organism's genetic information.
Yet, each time a cell divides, the telomeres get shorter. When they get too short, the cell can no longer divide; it becomes inactive or "senescent" or it dies. This shortening process is associated with aging, cancer, and a higher risk of death. So telomeres also have been compared with a bomb fuse.

Fluoresence-stained chromosomes
Fluorescence-stained chromosomes (red) on a microscope slide. Telomeres (yellow) sit at the ends of each chromosome. Photo courtesy of Dr. Robert Moyzis, UC Irvine, US Human Genome Program

  • Telomere

  • A telomere is a region of repetitive nucleotide sequences at each end of a chromatid, which protects the end of the chromosome from deterioration or from fusion with neighbouring chromosomes. Wikipedia

  • Telomere
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